The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Belarus, Miklós Haraszti, says despite the admission of a token oppositionist there was no real difference between last Sunday’s parliamentary elections and all the previous ones carried out in Belarus.
“The smooth-looking conduct of parliamentary elections in Belarus on 11 September 2016 should not eclipse the underlying systemic violations. The elections proved a clear lack of political will to promote and protect human rights in Belarus.
I commend the absence of violence so far, and the somewhat extended opportunities allowed for candidates to hold their meetings. I also welcome the elections of one member of an opposition party and one independent cultural activist, after two decades of total absence of any opposition in parliament.
However, citizens’ right to a free and fair election continued to be abused in the grip of entrenched repressive laws and institutions, just as in previous parliamentary or presidential elections*.
I am aware of reports of intimidation, fraud, manipulations and opacity. Especially egregious is the growth in fictitiously claimed turnout during the non-transparent early voting, a four-day process based on coercion of army conscripts, students, and state clerks.
The election observation mission sent by the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the Organisation for the Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE-ODIHR) had to state that ‘the composition of election commissions was not pluralistic, which undermined confidence in their independence’. In its preliminary conclusions, the European observers noted that ‘early voting, counting and tabulation procedures were still marred by a significant number of procedural irregularities and a lack of transparency’.
Even the election of the opposition candidate exhibited the fully guided character of the electoral process.
The welcome entry to parliament of the UCB party candidate Hanna Kanapatskaya made her a victim of a cynical ploy at the same time, given that her admittance defeated the country’s most visible opposition politician, Tatsiana Karatkevich of the ‘Tell the Truth’ movement. Karatkevich had made her fame by running against the incumbent in the presidential election in 2015.
Well documented reports allege post-factum adjustments of the results of the two opposition politicians, using the leeway provided by a threefold magnification of the turnout.
The ‘victory’ of Kanapatskaya came at a moment when, for foreign policy reasons, some concessions to the voters’ will seem inevitable. The manoeuvre served to show that the system of government-decided results has not changed, despite the allowance granted for an opposition candidate. The move also aimed at sowing discord among the opposition parties.
It is regrettable that Belarus did not take into account real changes towards equal media access, verifiable turnout, honest vote count, and a pluralistic parliament. These changes have been recommended for many years by the OSCE, and my own reports.
I stand at the disposal of the authorities for co-operation in the hope they will decide to commence these reforms in the near future.”
The UN Human Rights Council restored the position of the Council’s rapporteur on Belarus in July 2012, much to the displeasure of the Belarusian government. Miklós Haraszti, a Hungarian politician, writer, journalist, human rights advocate and university professor, was appointed special rapporteur on Belarus. He has only been able to meet with representatives of Belarus’ civil society, as Minsk does not recognize the mandate of the special rapporteur on Belarus and denies him an entry visa.
Belsat.eu, following ohchr.org