The Kremlin is ready to develop integration with Belarus so far as Minsk is ready to do this, Russian Forreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in an interview with Vietnamese and Chinese TV stations.
The top official was asked about the possibility of Russia’s and Belarus’s uniting into a single state.
“There is too much emotion about this issue. Reporters are overinterpreting and adding much. We have a very simple position, and it is shared by Belarusian president Alyaksandr Lukashenka. We have the treaty on the establishment of the Union State of Belarus and Russia. It includes the agreements that were the basis of the Union State. They relate to cooperation in economics, finances, in the sphere of political and foreign policy coordination. In December, we decided to create a working group [on the integration process], it is now active. The group is to assess to what extent those agreements have been implemented, and what should be done in view of the current state of Russia and Belarus. That is the case. Therefore, we are ready to continue cooperating as much as Belarus is ready. Apparently, the Belarusian side has the same opinion. Thus, we are highly likely to agree on something. I m sure of it,” he stressed.
At the end of 2018, the Belarusian-Russian relations significantly deteriorated. In late December. there were some meetings of Alyaksandr Lukashenka and Vladimir Putin. The Russian leader pressed for ‘further integration’ while his Belarusian counterpart insisted on reducing gas prices and getting compensation for the tax maneuver. The talks seem to have ended in deadlock.
The tax maneuver. Russia counts on completing it by 2025. It provided for a gradual zeroing of export duties on oil and an increase in the tax on the extraction of natural resources. The tax maneuver is not in the interests of the Belarusian budget, since it entails an increase in the price of oil for Belarus. This will result in the Belarusian refineries receiving raw materials at world prices and losing their advantages over competitors outside the Eurasian Economic Union. According to Belarusian Finance minister Maksim Yermalovich, Russia’s tax maneuver is likely to result in Belarus’ losing BYN 630 mln in 2019 and $8-12 bn by 2024 unless the problem is resolved through negotiations and compensations are awarded. However, the Russian side keep refusing to provide any compensation.
Gas price. today Belarus paid $129 per 1,000m3 of Russian natural gas in 2018 and id to pay $127 this year. The price for gas Belarus will purchase in 2020 has not been settled yet. According to Alyaksandr Lukashenka, Gazprom charges nearly $3 per 1,000m3 per 100km for transporting natural gas from Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District all the way to the Belarusian border while the internal Russian tariff is about $1. Due to these circumstances natural gas at the border with Russia’s Smolensk Oblast is priced at nearly $130 per 1,000m3 while the wholesale price for consumers in Smolensk Oblast is $70 or nearly half of what Belarus pays. “A simple question: how are we supposed to compete in this situation?” Lukashenka wondered. However, Moscow will be ready to give credence to him if Belarus complies with the so-called Medvedev’s ultimatum.
Medvedev’s ultimatum. The topic of integration and the creation of a union state under the 1999 treaty was widely discussed after the statement by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in December last year in Brest.
“I want to emphasize: Russia is ready to continue to move along the path of building the Union State, including the creation of a single emission center, a single customs, court, and a chamber of accounts in the manner prescribed by the agreement on the creation of the Union State of December 8, 1999,” said Dmitry Medvedev during the Union Council of Ministers in the city above the River Buh.
Alyaksandr Lukashenka became outraged by the statement. “I no longer say a brotherly state, because, as they report to me, in Russia this is not perceived as such. Apparently, new people came [to power] for whom this concept is unacceptable. Well, then we will be partners,” he said.