New decree on ‘social parasites’ to come into force in Belarus


The government has decided on the people subject to Decree No. 1, which was introduced after massive protests against Decree No. 3 took place across the country. There is now a list of services to be paid in full by “parasites”.

The Council of Ministers has approved a preliminary provision on the work and authority of the employment commissions. Such commissions will be created within the framework of the updated Decree No. 3.

According to the regulations, able-bodied citizens of Belarus, foreign citizens and stateless persons (who have received a permanent residence permit), who do not conduct labor, entrepreneurial, craft, creative, educational or other activities listed in the law, belong to the able-bodied citizens who are not employed in the economy. resolution. According to the Ministry of Labor forecast, about 250 thousand Belarusians may be subject to the Decree No. 1.

According to the new document, they will pay a full tariff for housing and communal services and for the use of residential accommodation. In addition, there will be created commissions in the regions that will make decisions on those who fall under the decree. In other words, these commissions will decide whom to call “parasites”.

At the same time, able-bodied citizens whose employment, for objective reasons, is difficult or impossible, are excluded from the lists.

For example, people with disabilities, mothers raising children under the age of 7, disabled children under the age of 18, three or more underage children, pensioners registered as unemployed and persons who lost their jobs for valid reasons (within six months from the date of separation) serving punishment or being under compulsory treatment, and also some other categories of citizens.

Specially established commissions will partially or completely exempt people from full payment for public services. Those who fall under the decree, but are in a “difficult life situation,” can apply to such commissions.

The Ministry of Taxes and Levies has been entrusted to ensure the transfer of property rights to the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection for the software related to the collection and transfer of information from government agencies and other organizations on the participation of citizens in financing public expenditures. It is the Ministry of Labor that will collect information and keep records of “social parasites”.

This database will include the following mandatory information about the citizen: identification number; surname, first name, middle name (if any) in Russian; date of birth; sex; citizenship; data on registration at the place of residence (place of stay); type, serial number of the ID.

The Ministry of Labor together with the National Center for Electronic Services will provide access to the database by November 30, 2018 with the help of a nationwide automated information system.

The main points of the adopted resolution come into force after the official publication of the document.

On January 25, Alyaksandr Lukashenka signed Decree No. 1, which provides for measures to promote employment of the population. The new decree did not include norms on taxing non-working population. Persons who were previously recognized as payers of this fee were exempted from it.

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