100 days of Belarusian protest

Participants of the “Civil March for Freedom”. Minsk, Belarus. August 16, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

One hundred days is like one endless day. Now it is already difficult to remember what was in the beginning. There are so many events that you can write a longread article for each day. We did your best to collect for you the main news of all the protest days. This is only a small part of what happened to the Belarusians, but the general picture is clear.


August 9 – voting day

In Minsk, there have been problems with the Internet since the early morning; it is difficult to access Telegram and news sites.

Huge, hour-long queues were formed at polling stations both in Belarus and abroad.

Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

Many people come to the polling station of Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya to support her. Veranika Tsapkala leaves for Moscow and votes there. Many voters fold ballots in a special way to photograph them for the Golos platform.

Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya votes in Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

By evening, the security forces close off the center of Minsk, and the riot police arrive at the polling stations to disperse people who come to learn the election results. The protocols are not posted everywhere; security officials guard commission members on their way out of some polling stations.

People gather at the Stela monument in Minsk, and take to the streets in other cities. Tear gas is used against protesters in Brest. In Minsk, the protesters are brutally dispersed using rubber bullets and stun grenades. Until late at night, explosions and ambulance sirens are heard. Man gets run over by a paddy wagon at the Stella.

Protests in Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

More than 3,000 people were detained throughout the country that day, many were wounded.

Protests in Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat
Protests in Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat
Protests in Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

August 10

There is no stable Internet connection in the country, people download VPN, try to access news sites and Telegram.

The CEC reports preliminary results: Lukashenka — 80.23%, Tsikhanouskaya — 9.9%. There was no counting at night, the CEC was evacuated.

The Golos platform reports that more than 80% of users registered on the platform voted for Tsikhanouskaya.

Near the Maladzyozhnaya metro station. Minsk, Belarus. August 10, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

Tsikhanouskaya files a complaint with the CEC and demands a vote recount.

Lukashenka calls the protesters sheep, who “do not understand what they are doing, and who are already beginning to be controlled.”

The USA called the elections in Belarus unfree and unfair.

Near the Maladzyozhnaya metro station. Minsk, Belarus. August 10, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

In the evening, protests resumed. The flash grenades were heard again. Near the Frunzenskaya metro station, security forces shoot Natallya Lubneuskaya, a journalist from Nasha Niva, in the leg from a distance of 10 meters. On Pushkin Avenue, near the Aurora cinema, a photojournalist of the Belsat TV channel Tatsiana Kapitonava was concussed after a stun grenade exploded near her.

In the center – wounded journalist of Nasha Niva Natallya Lubneuskaya. Minsk, Belarus. August 9, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

Tear gas, water cannons are used, explosions are heard at the Pushkinskaya metro station. It is here that Alyaksandr Taraikouski died. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, it happened from a device exploding in his hand. A few days later, a video will appear showing that he died from a shot in the chest.

The area of the Niamiha metro station, before being cleared by the security forces. Minsk, Belarus. August 10, 2020
Photo: IA / Belsat
Near the Pushkinskaya metro station. Minsk, Belarus. August 10, 2020
Photo: AB / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

Again there are many detainees not only in Minsk, but also in other cities. Investigative Committee opened 21 cases about riots and violence against police officers.

Barricades in the area of the Riga supermarket. Minsk, Belarus. August 10, 2020
Photo: IA / Belsat

August 11

There is a video of Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya in the office of Lidziya Yarmoshyna (the chair of the CEC) reading out an appeal. The security forces take her straight from the office to Lithuania.

Flowers are brought to Pushkinskaya metro station, where a man died the day before. Passing cars honk. From time to time riot police show up, people run away.

Solidarity action near m. Pushkinskaya. People walk with flowers, drivers honk. Minsk, Belarus. August 11, 2020.
Photo: Sveta Far / Belsat

The Ministry of Health said that there are 200 injured people in hospitals.

Detentions at the Kamennaya Horka metro station in Minsk, Belarus. August 11, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

In Brest, Henadz Shutau was shot in the head. He became the second victim of the protests.

August 12

Doctors came out to protest against the violence.

Women across Belarus take to the streets with flowers to protest against the brutality of the security forces.

Near the Kamarouski market in Minsk, several hundred girls stand in a living chain with flowers. All of them support peaceful protests in Belarus. August 12, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs declares that “the principled position is not to interfere with the work of journalists.”

The CEC states that “there is currently no legal mechanism for voters to familiarize themselves with the protocols.”

Minsk, Belarus. August 12, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

People bring their diplomas and certificates to schools and attach them to fences to show their attitude towards teachers who participated in the vote count.

In Homiel, 25-year-old Alyaksandr Vikhor, who was detained earlier at a rally, dies.

At the detention center on Akrestsin Street, people are trying to find out where their relatives and friends are kept. Minsk, Belarus. August 12, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The first detainees were released from Akrestsin Street: they tell how people are put in four-bed cells, their teeth knocked out, white bracelets put in their mouths and promised to “teach whom to love and whom to vote for.”

Minsk, Belarus. August 12, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

August 13

Several public statements of officials about the dismissal appeared on social networks.

Solidarity actions in Minsk, Belarus. August 13, 2020.
Photo: KCh / Belsat

Chains of solidarity are emerging throughout the country.

Doctors, railway workers, workers of MAZ, BelAZ, Keramina, MTW and many others joined the women’s peaceful protest.

The Minister of Internal Affairs of Belarus Yury Karayeu said that he takes responsibility for the injuries of random people at the protests and apologizes.

August 14

People detained on August 9-13 are being released. People were beaten. Those who were released have bluish-black bruises all over the bodies, with fractures of ribs, fingers, concussions.

Released from the pre-trial detention center in Zhodzina. Volunteers prepare parcels for those who remain in the pre-trial detention center in Zhodino, Belarus. August 13, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

In Hrodna, hrodna.life journalist Ruslan Kulevich was released. He has both arms broken.

At the Minsk Ring Road, IT specialists form a chain of solidarity.

Tsikhanouskaya declares that she is launching a coordination council for the transfer of power in Belarus.

Volunteers prepare parcels for those who remain in the pre-trial detention center in Zhodzina, Belarus. August 13, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

MTW workers start a strike, their organized column goes to the Government House.

Belarusians collect money for medical aid for victims of peaceful demonstrations, lawyers say that they will help all those detained at the latest protests free of charge.

August 15

Thousands of people came to say goodbye to Alyaksandr Taraykouski in Minsk.

Farewell to the deceased Alyaksandr Taraykouski during the protests in Minsk, Belarus. August 15, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

A criminal case is launched against the founder of the NEXTA channel Stsyapan Putsila, the state accusing him of organizing riots and training people to participate in them.

A spontaneous rally is held near the Belteleradiocompany building.

Protest outside the building of the National State TV and Radio Company of Belarus, Minsk. August 15, 2020.
Photo: Sveta Far / Belsat

A criminal case is launched against the former head of the HTP and unregistered presidential candidate Valery Tsapkala.

August 16

A rally in support of Lukashenka begins at 12:00 at the Government House. The participants were brought by buses from all over the country. Lukashenka addresses the audience.

A rally in support of the current government under the Government House. A.R. Lukashenka bows to the people. Minsk, Belarus. August 16, 2020.
Photo: IA / Belsat

At 14:00 the most massive protest in the history of Belarus begins. According to various estimates, from 200 to 500 thousand people gathered there.

Participants of the “Civil March for Freedom”. Minsk, Belarus. August 16, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

An issue of Komsomolskaya Pravda in Belarus with brutalized people on the front page is published and sold out. The editorial office put up the issue on the Internet for free, the kiosks in which the newspaper was sold are hastily closed.

Participants of the “General Civil March for Freedom”. Minsk, Belarus. August 16, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

Alyaksandr Vikhor is buried in Homiel.

August 17

Lukashenka arrives by helicopter at the Minsk Wheeled Tractor Plant. The workers of the plant shout to him “Go away!” Lukashenka promises to hold elections after the adoption of the new Constitution.

The ex-minister of culture, director of the Yanka Kupala theater Pavel Latushka is fired, the entire staff of the Kupala theater resigns with him.

August 18

The European Council holds an emergency summit on the situation in Belarus, recognizes the elections as illegitimate.

Maryia Kalesnikava addresses the workers of Belaruskali in the central square of Salihorsk. August 18, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The House of Press refuses to publish the issue of Komsomolskaya Pravda about the most massive protest in the history of Belarus due to printing press malfunction.

Kanstantsin Shishmakou, 29, director of the Vaukavysk Museum, who refused to sign the protocol of the election commission, is found dead in the Neman River.

Lukashenka says that the aim of the coordinating council initiated by Tsikhanouskaya is to seize power.

At MTW, people greet the workers of the plant with shouts of “Well done!”, “Thank you!”, “Strike”. Minsk, Belarus. August 18, 2020.
Photo: Belsat

More than a million euros have already been collected by the fund for solidarity with the illegally dismissed.

August 19

Henadz Shutau, who was shot in the head, dies in a military hospital in Minsk. The IC reports that the weapon used against him was lethal.

Peaceful protest on Independence Avenue near the Interior Ministry building. Minsk, Belarus. August 19, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The first meeting of the Coordinating Council takes place: writer Svetlana Alexievich, lawyer Liliya Ulasava, MTW worker Syarhei Dyleuski, lawyer Maksim Znak, political scientist Volha Kavalkava, musician and teacher Maryia Kalesnikava, politician Pavel Latushka are in the presidium.

Almost the entire team of radio “Stalitsa” resigns in protest.

More than 200 athletes sign an open letter to the authorities.

Riot police disperse support groups for strikers near MTW and Atlant.

Minsk, Belarus. August 19, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The Kupala Theater is closed for sanitation. Actors and staff are not allowed into the premises.

According to BT employees, specialists from Russia were hired to work on the TV channel.

The second issue of Komsomolskaya Pravda was also not printed: the printing machine ‘broke down’ again.

Workers of Hrodna Azot are on strike at the enterprise. Hrodna, Belarus. August 19, 2020. Photo: Vasil Mauchanau / BelsatThe workers of Belaruskali started a strike, with a strike committee created at the enterprise.

August 20

The Golos, Zubr and Honest People initiatives assert that at every third polling station the number of ballots for a certain candidate does not coincide with the number of votes for him in the final PEC protocol.

The prosecutor’s office launches a criminal case and claims that the creation of the Coordination Council is aimed at seizing state power.

Poland, following Lithuania, announces plans to simplify the entry for Belarusians.

Traditional peaceful protest at Independence Square. Minsk, Belarus. August 20, 2020.
Photo: IA / Belsat

At MTW workers are forced to sign a paper addressed to the director, which says that the workers are non-political, that they support the stable operation of the plant. The leader of the plant’s strike committee, Syarhei Dyleuski, gets summoned to the Investigative Committee.

August 21

Lukashenka says that “in the coming days” he will solve the issue with the situation in the country.

Minsk, Belarus. August 21, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

Lawyer Maksim Znak submits a complaint of Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya to the Supreme Court. It is about the recognition of the August 9 elections as invalid. The complaint is accompanied by 25 files with evidence of violations.

The Chain of Repentance action takes place in Minsk. People stretched from Kurapaty to the temporary detention center on Akrestsina Street across the entire city.

Lukashenka says that Belarus “wants to cut off the Hrodna region.”

For the third time, the printing press in the House of Press “breaks down” and the issue of the Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper does not come out as planned. As reported by the staff of Narodnaya Volya, their issue also did not appear in circulation.

People walk in the chain of repentance in Minsk, which begins under the remand prison on Akrestsin Street and ends in the forest tract Kurapaty, where in 1937-1939. there were mass executions. Belarus. August 21, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The BYSOL solidarity fund, which collects money to help those who have been left without work for political reasons, has more than $ 1.6 million donated by caring people. The first people who quit jobs are starting to receive payments.

August 22

Maryia Kalesnikava at a solidarity rally on Independence Avenue. Minsk, Belarus. August 22, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

Lukashenka speaks at a pro-government rally, calling the majority of the photographs of the beaten people “staged”, calls for forgivenss of security officials, “even if they made a mistake somewhere,” and orders to close the striking factories. He also claims that for the first time in 25 years he had to bring the army to full combat readiness. And he threatens that the striking miners will be replaced by Ukrainian ones.

Health Minister Karanik is appointed chairman of the Hrodna regional executive committee.

Nikita Kryvtsov, 28, from Molodechno, who disappeared after the August 12 protests, is found dead in a forest park on Parnikovaya Street in Minsk.

August 23

A 50,000-strong chain of solidarity with Belarusians is created in Lithuania — from Vilnius to the border with Belarus.

At the Palace of Independence in Minsk, Belarus. August 23, 2020.
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Belsat

The Stela in Minsk is cordoned off by the military and surrounded by barbed wire, cordons are set up near the State Flag Square and the Palace of Independence. Columns of demonstrators came there and Lukashenka flew in – he got out of the helicopter in a bulletproof vest and with a submachine gun, next to him with a submachine gun and also in a bulletproof vest was his 15-year-old son Mikalai.

August 24

Lukashenka dismisses the Belarusian ambassador to Slovakia, who supported the protesters.

The Ministry of Defense reports on the Air Force and Air Defense destroying “a probe made of eight balloons with anti-state symbols that attempted to enter the airspace of the Republic of Belarus” on the border with Lithuania.

Pavel Latushka, Maryia Kalesnikava, Maksim Znak. Minsk, Belarus. August 24, 2020.
Photo: Sveta Far / Belsat

Svetlana Alexievich and Pavel Latushka were summoned for questioning to the Investigative Committee.

August 25

Syarhei Dyleuski, a representative of the MTW strike committee, is jailed for 10 days, even though the General director of the plant tried to protect him.

House of Press refuses to publish BelGazeta and Svobodnye Novosti.

The Supreme Court denied all ex-presidential candidates opening a complaint case.

Прыхільнікі Лукашэнкі
Participants of a rally of supporters of Alyaksandr Lukashenka near the Kamarouka narket in Minsk. August 25, 2020.
Photo: DD / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

More than $ 1.7 million have beel already collected for those who suffered and lost their jobs due to political repression.

Lukashenka said that those who do not share the principles of state ideology should not teach in schools.

August 26

In Hrodna, 28 workers of Grodno Azot were detained: they were marching in a column to the city center. The leader of the Grodno Azot strike committee, Yury Ravavy, leaves for Warsaw.

The Belarusian Komsomolskaya Pravda and Narodnaya Volya began to be published in Russia. But now they are not accepted by kiosks. State control comes to the KP — they check the office computers of the management.

Fifty-eight actors and employees were dismissed from the Kupala Theater.

Мітынг у Жодзіна
An employee of BelAZ, taking part in the action to support the strikers at the enterprise. August 26, 2020.
Photo: IA / Belsat

The traditional evening action on Independence Square in Minsk ends with detentions.

August 27

The IC claims that they have no complaints of rape from those who were beaten after the protests.

The Ministry of Health dismisses the director of the Republican Scientific and Practical Center “Cardiology” Alyaksandr Mrochak, earlier the doctors of the center went to pickets.

August 29

Vladimir Putin recognizes the legitimacy of the elections.

The Foreign Ministry massively deprives journalists of foreign media of accreditation.

Women’s Grand Solidarity March. Nina Bahinaska does not let the riot police take the flag away from her. Minsk, Belarus. August 29, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The Investigative Committee initiates criminal cases due to pressure on MPs.

The well-known businessman Alyaksandr Vasilevich was taken into custody.

August 30

Lukashenka turns 66. Mass protests took place in Minsk and other cities of Belarus. The number of those detained has exceeded one hundred.

By 4:00 pm, people were able to come to the Palace of Independence, where they tried to set up negotiations (later Lukashenka’s assistant came out to them, but only after several dozen people remained on the square. He said: “Well, what is your majority?”)

Day 22 of protests. Minsk, Belarus. August 30, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

A group with a poster “Sportsmen with the People” comes to the cordon at the Palace of Independence, behind it are swimmer Alyaksandra Herasimenya and basketball player Alena Leuchanka.

Lukashenka again turns up near the Palace of Independence with a submachine gun in his hands.

On the March of Peace and Independence in Minsk, Belarus. The country has been protesting against falsification of the results of the presidential elections for 22 days. August 30, 2020.
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Belsat

August 31

Mikalai Lukashenka takes leaves the Lyceum of the Belarusian State University, where he entered in the summer.

Archbishop Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz is not allowed into Belarus by border guards. In the Red Church, someone changed the locks in the auxiliary rooms. Who did it is not exactly known.

Liliya Ulasava at the press conference of the Coordination Council. Minsk, Belarus. August 24, 2020.
Photo: Sveta Far / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The Belarusian Komsomolskaya Pravda has a new editor-in-chief — from Russia.

The SCC detained a member of the Presidium of the Coordination Council Liliya Ulasava.


September 1

Journalists who worked at a student protest rally are detained for three days: Masha Elyashevich, Svyataslau Zorky and Mikita Nedaverkau from Komsomolskaya Pravda in Belarus, Nadzeya Kalinina and Alyaksei Sudnikau from TUT.BY and Andrei Shaulyuha from BelaPAN.

At the main building of the Belarusian State University. They do not want to let young people with white-red-white flags into the building. Minsk, Belarus. September 1, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The UN reported 450 cases of torture and 6 missing persons in Belarus after the protests.

On the Square of Changes in Minsk, they paint over a mural with DJs of changes, local residents wash off the paint.

Марш студентов. Минск, Беларусь. 1 сентября 2020 года. Фото: АВ / Vot Tak TV / Белсат

September 2

Pavel Latushka leaves Belarus for Poland.

The office of the IT company PandaDoc is searched, and a criminal case is opened against four employees. The co-founder of the company helped the retired security officials.

Climbers remove white-red-white flags from residential buildings.

The trials of students detained on September 1 are underway. Some of them have already been sentenced to between 5 and 15 days of arrest.

Solidarity action with PandaDoc in Minsk, Belarus. September 2, 2020.
Photo: Belsat

Disagreeing with the election results and outraged by the brutality of the security forces, employees of Mazyr Oil Refinery write a collective letter to the plant’s management, demanding to be heard and have a open discussion of the events of recent weeks. The letter is signed by nearly 1,200 people.

September 3

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin arrives in Minsk, Lukashenka tells him about the “intercepted conversation between Warsaw and Berlin”, and also accuses Poland, Czech Republic, Lithuania and Ukraine of managing protests in Belarus.

Action of solidarity with detained journalists. Minsk, Belarus. September 3, 2020.
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Belsat

About 30 journalists from Belarusian publications gathered near the main building of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and asked Interior Minister Yury Karayeu for a meeting and answer questions about their detained colleagues. The minister did not come out.

September 4

The court found the journalists working at the rally guilty and sentenced to 3 days of arrest. The witnesses were wearing balaclavas and had their names hidden. The journalists leave the temporary detention facility after serving the sentences.

Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya addresses the UN Security Council and asks the organization to help Belarus.

Women’s march on Independence Avenue in Minsk, Belarus. September 4, 2020.
Photo: Belsat

The authorities make public an intercepted conversation between Warsaw and Berlin. It is the conversation conducted by Nick from Berlin and Mike from Warsaw. Online users mock it.

September 5

During a press conference in Poland, a member of the Presidium of the Coordination Council, Volha Kavalkova says that she did not plan to leave Belarus. At night she was taken out of the temporary detention facility at Akrestsin Street, where she was serving 15 days of arrest, and taken to the Bruzgi border checkpoint.

September 6

The March of Unity unites more than 100 thousand people outside the Palace of Independence. The security forces use tear gas, detain more than 600 people.

To avoid detention, people jump into the Svislach River, rescuers take them out of the river and to the other side. The entire shift of rescuers is taken to the detention center at Akrestsina Street. Interior Minister Yury Karayeu says that Belarusian police are the most humane in the world.

Марш Адзінства
Unity march in Minsk. September 6, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The head of the department for combating organized crime and corruption of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Mikalai Karpenkau smashes the glass in the o’petit coffee shop on Niamiha with a truncheon in order to detain the people who took refuge there.

Марш Адзінства
Unity march in Minsk. September 6, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

September 7

In front of the o’petit coffee shop, where the glass was broken the day before, a long line of people forms to buy coffee.

Members of the CC secretariat Anton Radnyankou and Ivan Krautsou are forced to go abroad.

On the morning of September 7, in the center of Minsk, the member of the Coordination Council Maryia Kalesnikava was put into a minibus and taken in an unknown direction.

September 8

Maryia Kalesnikava was detained and is now in the Mazyr border detachment, on the border with Ukraine. She tore her passport and remained in Belarus.

Maryia Kalesnikava at the Krumkachy – Dynamo Minsk match. Minsk, Belarus. September 1, 2020.
Photo: MA / Belsat

FC Krumkachy were fined 3,375 BYN after the match with FC Dynama, where they came out wearing T-shirts against violence.

September 9

A member of the Coordination Council Maksim Znak and Kalesnikava’s lawyer Illya Salei are detained.

Maryia Kalesnikava is in a pre-trial detention center on the Valadarski street. She is a suspect in a criminal case about “seizure of power”.

Unidentified persons knock on Svetlana Alexievich’s door. She invites journalists and EU diplomats home.

September 10

Belaruskali moner Yury Korzun handcuffs himself to the equipment and refuses to go to the surface as a sign of protest.

Miner Yury Korzun, who started a solo picket in one of the mines of Belaruskali and handcuffed himself. Salihorsk, Belarus, September 10, 2020.
Photo: IA / Belsat

September 11

Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya turns 38 years old. Minsk residents congratulate Svyatlana: they eat white-red-white cakes, sing and lay out hearts from candles.

Two residents of Vitsebsk came to Minsk to ask for political asylum at the Swedish Embassy. The door was not opened for them, they jumped over the fence.

September 12

Belsat journalists Katsyaryna Andreyeva and Maksim Kalitouski are detained.

Katsyaryna Andreyeva and Maksim Kalitouski, detained on September 12, left the Akrestsin Street jail. Minsk, Belarus. September 15, 2020
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

September 13

March of Heroes takes place in Minsk with over 700 people detained. In Brest, security forces used a water cannon to disperse the protesters.

Photographers Alyaksandr Vasyukovich from Novy Chas and Uladz Hrydzin from TUT.BY are detained in a Minsk cafe, they are sentenced to 11 days each.

Марш героев
Riot police detain participants in the March of Heroes on Sunday September 13, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

September 14

Lukashenka meets with Putin in Sochi and negotiates a $ 1.5 billion loan.

Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz’s passport is invalidated.

September 15

A resident of the Square of Changes Stsyapan Latypau, who was trying to protect the mural with DJs, is detained. A criminal case is launched against him.

Photographer Alyaksandr Vasyukovich in the courtroom of the Frunzensky District. Minsk, Belarus. September 15, 2020
Photo: IA / Belsat

Ukraine does not recognize the Belarusian elections.

September 16

Lukashenka’s granddaughters Nastya and Dasha leave the Lyceum of the Belarusian State University.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs reported that 43 criminal cases were opened for threats to police officers. Information about rape by police officers during protests is called fake.

A pro-government procession with red-green flags and icons takes placee on Independence Avenue in Minsk.

Прыхільнікі Лукашэнкі
Participants of a rally of supporters of Alyaksandr Lukashenka near the Kamarousk market in Minsk. August 25, 2020.
Photo: DD / Belsat

September 17

Independent Belarusian media are published without photographs as a sign of solidarity with the detained photographers.

A concert for women was held at the Minsk Arena, where Lukashenka spoke about the closure of borders with the West.

Alyaksandr Lukashenka speaking at a women’s forum in Minsk, September 17, 2020.
Photo: president.gov.by

Head of the Institute of Sociology Henadz Korshunau leaves the Academy of Sciences. It was he who admitted that in the spring the level of confidence in Lukashenka in Minsk was 24%.

Homiel journalist Yauhen Merkis is sentenced to 15 days in jail.

Minskers come up with designs of white-red-white flags for their quarters.

September 18

The Ministry of Internal Affairs sends an SMS with a request to inform the police about unregistered symbols.

September 20

More than 100 thousand people join the Sunday’s March of Justice across the country — at least 230 people were detained.

Марш справядлівасці
March of Justice in Minsk. September 20, 2020.
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Belsat

Police in Brest spray tear gas and then fire a warning shot into the air.

In Hrodna, riot police drag an apparently pregnant woman who is screaming into a paddy wagon. Actors are detained in Hrodna. Their colleagues, having learned about this, refused to finish the play.

Марш справядлівасці
Minsk and Minsk residents during the March of Justice on September 20, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

September 21

Aleh Kudzelka is another employee of Belaruskali who refuses to leave the mine in protest against the situation in the country and at the enterprise.

September 22

A piece of cloth with the inscription “This is not a flag” was removed from a balcony in Minsk.

September 23

A search is conducted in the apartment of Yahor Martsinovich, editor-in-chief of Nasha Niva.

Lukashenka’s secret inauguration takes place at the Palace of Independence. Immediately after it, spontaneous protest begins in Minsk — 360 people are detained. One of the protesters drives away from the security forces in a taxi, just like in a movie.

People took to a protest after Lukashenka held a secret inauguration. The security forces began to arrest him. Minsk, Belarus. September 23, 2020
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Belsat

September 24

The son of Foreign Minister Uladzimir Makei resigns from the Foreign Ministry.

Maryia Kalesnikava’s lawyer Lyudmila Kazak is detained.

September 25

Lukashenka warns that Belarusian students studying in Poland will have to confirm their qualifications in Belarus.

The police visit the gymnasium #2 in Hrodna and give truncheons and helmets to children.

September 28

The court found Nasha Niva’s editor-in-chief Yahor Martsinovich guilty and fined him 405 BYN.

Нядзельнае шэсце
Tsikhanouskaya’s “People’s Inauguration” in Minsk. September 27, 2020.
Photo: Alisa Hanchar / Belsat

Nobel laureate and member of the Presidium of the Coordination Council Svetlana Alexievich flies to Germany.

September 29

Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya meets with French President Emmanuel Macron.

The Ministry of Information deprives TUT.BY of its media status for three months.

Great Britain and Canada impose sanctions against Alyaksandr Lukashenka, his son Viktar and security officials.

September 30

Basketball player Alena Leuchanka is sentenced to 15 days in jail for taking part in protest marches.

Blogger Eduard Palchys, who disappeared the day before, was found in Akrestsina Street remand prison.

Nina Bahinskaya came to the Women’s March. Minsk, Belarus. September 12, 2020.
Photo: Belsat

Italian Vogue publishes a photo of Nina Bahinskaya.


October 1

The Ministry of Internal Affairs sends an SMS saying “You have been identified as violating the order of holding mass events.” The authors of the message asked people to “make no mistakes.”

October 2

A new procedure for accrediting foreign journalists is introduced.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs threatens to parents who come with children to protests with administrative responsibility.

Solidarity action on pl. Independence. Minsk, Belarus. September 2, 2020.
Photo: TK / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

In Vaukavysk, a policeman’s house and car are set on fire.

The European Union imposes sanctions against 40 Belarusian officials. The Belarusian Foreign Ministry recalls ambassadors “for consultations” and demands from the embassies of Poland and Lithuania to reduce the number of diplomats working in Belarus.

Кветкавы марш
Flower march of women in Minsk. The action differs from the previous traditional Saturday processions in that its participants do not walk in a large column, but are distributed between TSUM and GUM in small groups. October 3, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

BT signs Lithuania as “the former Soviet republic of Lithuania”, Poland as the “former Polish People’s Republic”.

Deputy Interior Minister Henadz Kazakevich says on the air of BT that the rape of men was not confirmed, because according to the law, this is impossible.

October 3

Dzyanis Kuznyatsou, 41, dies in the hospital. He was brought from Akrestsin Street with a fractured skull. According to security officials, there was “a fall from the second tier of bunks.”

An apartment in Homiel is searched and the editor-in-chief of the Silnyie Novosti News portal, Hanna Yakshtas and her husband are detained.

October 4

The march for the release of political prisoners: tens of thousands of Belarusians take to the streets again. About 200 people were detained, and a water cannon was broken.

Liberation March in Minsk. October 4, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

In Hrodna, a 13-year-old girl is sprayed with tear gas in the face and dragged into a paddy wagon.

October 5

Pensioners gather for the march at the Red Church in Minsk: they walk along the avenue, come to the Minsk State Linguistic University to support the protesting students.

Criminal cases are opened against 19 people for disseminating data on police officers online. There is a female postman among the defendants.

The 27-year-old Mikita Ihnatsyuk is detained and tried. He was photographed on Sunday with a hydrant that protesters pulled from a water cannon.

October 6

Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya meets Angela Merkel in Berlin and gives her a white-red-white umbrella and a book.

The prosecutor’s office refuses to report on the investigation of torture in remand prisons.

Liberation March in Minsk. October 4, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The 2019 athlete in Belarus, the world freestyle champion Alyaksandra Ramanouskaya is fired for absenteeism. She has previously openly criticized violence.

The rules are changed at Akrestsin Street jail: now parcels can be given to prisoners not every day, but only on Thursdays.

October 7

Lithuania blocks the allocation of funds to Belarus within the EU program.

Tsikhanouskaya speaks to the deputies of the French National Assembly.

The son of the Vitsebsk mayor spends 13 days in the Akrestsin Street remand prison and the Zhodzina jail.

Liberation March in Minsk. October 4, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

A pro-government march takes place in Minsk with icons, a crucifix and carnations.

October 8

Politician Anatol Lyabedzka was detained, he is sentenced to 15 days of arrest.

Visa centers of Lithuania and Poland in Belarus temporarily stop accepting documents for visas.

October 10

Lukashenka arrives at the KGB pre-trial detention center and holds a round table with banker Viktar Babaryka, his son Eduard, blogger Syarhei Tsikhanouski, Maksim Znak and other political prisoners.

Syarhei Tsikhanouski calls his wife for the first time in 134 days.

Women’s march of solidarity with Belarus in Warsaw. October 10, 2020.
Photo: YuSh / Belsat

Ambassadors of only two EU countries – Austria and Italy – remain in Minsk.

The Global Women’s March takes place in Minsk, its participants walk around the city with flowers.

October 11

The March of Pride is held in place, where more than 40 journalists and about 700 participants are detained.

Businessman Yury Vaskrasenski and director of the IT company PandaDoc Dzmitry Rabtsevich are released. They were at a round table with Lukashenka.

October 12

Marches of Pensioners are held in Minsk and regions. The protesters are treated to pies. The Ministry of Internal Affairs uses flash cartridges and tear gas.

Марш пенсіянераў
March of pensioners in Minsk. October 12, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The Interior Ministry believes that the protests have become more radical, declares readiness to use lethal weapons.

October 13

The leader of the MTW strike committee, Syarhei Dyleusky, leaves for Warsaw, fearing for his safety.

One of the owners of the Pervy Tsvetnoy flower shop, Maksim Kharoshyn, was brutally detained. The man was severely beaten – an ambulance took him away from the police station.

Two more defendants in the PandaDoc case are released.

October 14

Three-time Olympic medalist Alyaksandra Herasimenya moves to Vilnius and heads the Belarusian Sports Solidarity Fund. The world champion in Thai boxing and kickboxing Vitaly Hurkou leaves for Ukraine.

The March of Mothers takes place.

The March of Mothers in Minsk. October 14, 2020.
Photo: Belsat

People stand in line to the Pervy Tsvetnoy shop all day long.

Two riot policemen wearing balaclavas and with changed voices declare on STV TV channel that they will not leave the Belarusian streets.

The head of the BOC, Metropolitan of Minsk and Zaslavl Benjamin, bans people from singing “Mahutny Bozha” anthem.

October 15

the license of Alyaksandr Pylchanka, lawyer for Viktar Babaryka and Maryia Kalesnikava, is revoked.

Alyaksandr Kurban, a Belaruskali specialist, refuses to get out of the mine after a night shift.

A march of people with disabilities takes place in Minsk.

March of people with limited mobility. Minsk, Belarus. October 15, 2020.
Photo: Belsat

October 16

In Minsk, protesters block the ring road in the morning.

The head of the GUBOPiK Mikalai Karpyankou says that lethal weapons, including firearms, will be humanely used against the protesters.

In Hrodna, the director of the children’s hospice, Volha Vyalichka, is sentenced. She was detained the day before at a charity meeting.

October 17

Journalists are detained at the Women’s March and student rally: Daria Spyavak gets sentenced to 13 days, Vadzim Zamirouski, Usevalad Zarubin and Artsyom Mayorau get sentenced to 15 days in jail each.

Women’s March in Minsk. October 17, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

Lawyer of Illya Saley is released home from the pre-trial detention center.

October 18

A large-scale Partisan March is held with 280 people detained. Shots are fired in Minsk (the police say they are fired in the air, but it looks different on the video).

The head of the GUBOPiK Mikalay Karpyankou says that only “street bandits, the most radical part, remain on the streets, with money, some drugs and alcohol given to them.”

Partisan March in Minsk, October 18, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

A Norwegian MP nominates Tsikhanouskaya, Kalesnikava and Tsapkala for the Nobel Peace Prize.

The owner of a flower shop Maksim Kharoshyn leaves Belarus for rehabilitation.

October 19

The political strategist Vitaly Shklyarau and the member of the Constitutional Court presidium Lilyia Ulasava are released. They were among the participants in the meeting with Lukashenka in the KGB pre-trial detention center.

Minsk hosted two marches of pensioners – one pro-government, and the second under white-red-white flags.

October 20

The logo and publications of the Telegram channel NEXTA and NEXTA-Live are recognized as extremist.

Lukashenka calls the 73-year-old activist Nina Bahinskaya a convinced person and says “not to take her off the squares”.

The March of Wisdom. Minsk, Belarus. October 19, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

A 53-year-old woman from Nyasvizh is taken to the police station because of the white-red-white suit of her dog.

October 21

The man who was seen in the picture with a water cannon part gets 20,000 BYN collected for him to pay for a lawyer in a couple of hours.

Pavel Sevyarynets’s prison term is extended by two months. The list of political prisoners in Belarus increases to 102 people.

October 22

In Pinsk, after the elections, the judge refuses to try cases under Article 23.34 of the Administrative Code and resigns.

The Hrodna Children’s Hospice is searched.

The Sakharov Prize for 2020 in the field of human rights has been awarded to the Belarusian opposition.

Ціханоўская Калеснікава Цапкала
Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya, Maryia Kalesnikava and Veranika Tsapkala.
Photo: Belsat

October 23

Lukashenka declares that the pro-government rally involving 300 thousand people will not take place because too many people are willing to participate in it.

In Dobrush, the administrator of the Telegram channel “Data of the punitive forces of Belarus” is detained. He is 15 years old.

October 25

The People’s Ultimatum March takes place. By the evening, peaceful protesters are dispersed with flash grenades. Security officials are running around quarters near the Arlouskaya Street. The riot police force their way into a private apartment to arrest the people hiding there. More than 500 people were detained at the march.

Minsk, Belarus. October 25, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

October 26

A nationwide strike begins – Hrodna Azot, Belaruskali, MTW, Atlant join it. The workers of Belarusneft who went on strike are fired.

A joint march of students and pensioners takes place in Minsk.

BY_help has spent over $ 1.1 million in post-election relief.

March of pensioners, doctors and students. Minsk, Belarus. October 26, 2020. Photo by Agata Kwiatkowska for Belsat

October 27

Lukashenka talks about the crackdown on Arlouskaya street: “It was my order, I had to get these drug addicts out of the apartments.”

As many as 500 criminal cases were initiated under articles on mass disorders. As to the statements of those beaten by the police, not a single one was initiated.

Thirty-five employees of BSUIR, teachers and students of the linguistic university go on strike, Lukashenka calls on repressing them.

October 28

March of pensioners, doctors and students. Minsk, Belarus. October 26, 2020.
Photo: Agata Kwiatkowska / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

The factories are starting to lay off workers who took part in the strike.

A Molotov cocktail is thrown into the traffic police building in Mazyr.

October 29

Yury Karayeu gets dismissed, and Ivan Kubrakou becomes the next Minister of the Interior. Ex-head of the KGB Valery Vakulchyk is made assistant to the president in the Brest region, Karayeu takes a similar post in the Hrodna region.

Lukashenka proposes to involve former servicemen in the people’s militias and give them lethal weapons.

Lukashenka demands to take measures on non-recognition of diplomas received abroad.

Belarus closes borders with Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and Ukraine.

Cafes and restaurants that took part in the strike are closing. College teachers are being dismissed en masse and students are being expelled.

October 30

Lukashenka calls Latushka a “lakhushka” or simpleton and talks about the “discord” in the opposition.

Students and teachers of BNTU took part in the action of solidarity. Minsk, Belarus. October 30, 2020. Photo by TK / Belsat

Twenty students of the medical university are expelled, they are supported by classmates, teachers and doctors.

October 31

Belarusians who study abroad cannot enter the country.

There plans to toughen punishment for participation in protests and “illegal use of flags”: a fine of up to 200 basic units (5,400 BYN) and arrest for up to 30 days.

In Zhodzina, a 75-year-old woman was tried for a photo with a white and red pastille – “she was protesting with a marshmallow,” said a policeman.


November 1

Another Sunday protest march is held. The protesters were dispersed in a particularly harsh way: stun grenades were used against, people were ambushed in the backyards, and in the field near the Kurapaty forest the security forces arranged a ‘safari’. They chased the demonstrators in cars. More than 310 people were detained.

March against terror in Minsk. November 1, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

November 2

After the Sunday march, investigators opened a criminal case under Article 342 of the Criminal Code (Organization and preparation of actions that grossly violate public order). The suspects list includes 231 people detained the day before.

Medical University professors collect signatures in support of expelled students.

Pensioners’ March in Minsk. November 2, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

November 3

Parents of BSUIR students prepare an appeal to the rector with a demand to stop the persecution of students for dissent, as well as to stop the dismissal of teachers. Otherwise, they will refuse to pay for their studies.

MSLU teachers sign an open letter to the rector of the university with a request to reinstate the expelled students and return the dismissed colleagues to work.

An action of solidarity is held in Minsk next to the Scientific and Research Center of Surgery, Transplantology and Hematology – people are holding the posters “Free our doctors” and “Why doctors held on Akrestsina Street?”

November 4

Doctors who were detained at an action of solidarity with expelled students of the medical university are sent to jail.

November 5

Lukashenka says that he ordered the commander of the border troops not to let into the country not only people with someone else’s passports, but also those “smart” Belarusians who left the country at this difficult time.

March of people with disabilities in Minsk. November 5, 2020. Photo was sent by readers of belsat.eu.

The apartment where Nina Bahinskaya lives is searched.

November 6

The European Union imposes sanctions against Lukashenka and 14 other officials.

A criminal case is brought up against BSW workers because of the strike and they are invoiced for stopping the furnaces.

The medical university begins to restore the “expelled” students.

A third metro line is opened in Minsk, Lukashenka promised to hold new elections.

November 7

OSCE calls on the Belarusian authorities to hold new presidential elections. The Belarusian Foreign Ministry does not agree.

Lukashenka launches BelNPP.

Chain reaction on BelNPP started.
Photo: belaes.by

Almost 60 people were detained at the protest of doctors near the 1st hospital in Minsk.

The journalist of Nasha Niva Katsyaryna Karpitskaya was detained and sentenced to 15 days in jail.

After the backyard concerts, the group “Reha” and the musician Pavel Arakelyan are detained.

November 8

In Minsk, people are not allowed to gather in a large column for the weekly march. Participants walk around the city in small groups. The number of detainees exceeded 1,000 people. Many are brutalized by the police.

Participants of the “March of People’s Power” in Minsk. November 8, 2020.
Photo: AV / Vot Tak TV / Belsat

November 9

Zmitser Dashkevich is released after 15 days of arrest and reports torture at Akrestsin Street.

The first unit of the Belarusian NPP stops generating power – voltage transformers are out of order.

Three-meter white-red-white underpants are hung between houses in Minsk.

November 10

Law enforcement agencies block the accounts of Belarusians who received compensation from the BY_help initiative.

Lukashenka threatens to liquidate those private companies where trade unions will not be formed by the end of the year.

November 11

A new company is being recruited at the Kupala Theater — students are called to auditions.

Minister of Culture of Belarus Y. Bondar announced the lawful dismissal of the theater director Latushko and left. Minsk, Belarus. August 18, 2020.
Photo: Sveta Far / Belsat

Human rights activists report that 900 criminal cases have already been brought up against supporters of changes in Belarus.

In the evening, unknown persons in masks come to take off the white-red-white ribbons on the Square of Changes, a scuffle begins. The last message that 31-year-old Raman Bandarenka writes in the local chat says “I’m going out!” He was beaten, taken into a minibus and taken to the Central District Department of Internal Affairs. An hour and a half later, the man was taken to the hospital with cerebral edema.

November 12

Alana Habramariyam, representative of Tsikhanouskaya for the work with youth and students, has her flat searched. Security officials visit several more activists.

People gather at the “Square of Changes” after the news of Roman Bondarenko’s death. Minsk, Belarus.
Photo: EA / Belsat
People gather at the “Square of changes” after the news of Roman Bondarenko’s death. Minsk, Belarus.
Photo: EA / Belsat

Raman Bandarenka dies.

November 13

People form a chain of solidarity, arrange memorials in memory of Raman Bandarenka.

The day after Raman Bandarenka’s death. Minsk, Belarus. November 13, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The Investigative Committee suspends the investigation of Alyaksandr Taraikouski’s case. A criminal case has not yet been initiated, although there is a witness to his death.

The Square of Changes turned into a folk memorial dedicated to Roman Bondarenko. A man died the night before in hospital after being brutally detained and beaten by unknown people. Minsk, Belarus. November 13, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

Riot police come to the editorial office of Narodnaya Volya. They confiscate the circulation of the latest issue of the newspaper.

November 14

Alyaksandr Mrochak’s dacha set on fire by unknown perpetrators. A doll with bloody eyes and a threatening note were left on the spot.

Funeral watch in the Square of Changes holds on – people come to the yard on Charviakova street all day with lamps and flowers.

Square of Changes. Minsk, Belarus. November 13, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

A man in a grey sweatsuit, who attacked Raman Bandarenka turns out to be very similar to a famous sportsman, world champion in Thai boxing and kickboxing Dzmitry Shakuta.

The BYSOL Solidarity Fund launches another project after its accounts were blocked.

The National Anti-Crisis Management (Belarusian Opposition) claims to have a copy of the Interior Ministry’s internal report. According to the document, from August 9 to November 3, 25,800 people were detained in the country for “violation of the legislation on mass events and committing other violations during their conduct. More than 24 thousand administrative protocols were drawn up. There were 4,000 complaints about violence on the part of law-enforcement agencies.

November 15

Square of Changes. Minsk, Belarus. November 15, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat

The march in memory of Raman Bandarenka “I’m going out” takes place. The law enforcers carry out a sweep on Square of Changes. Over 1,100 people were detained all over the country.

Square of Changes. Minsk, Belarus. November 15, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat
Square of Changes. Minsk, Belarus. November 15, 2020.
Photo: TC / Belsat