Sentenced to three years of imprisonment for «participation in actions that seriously disrupt civil order» on the day of the 2010 presidential elections and later pardoned,the 23-year-old oppositionist returned to prison again. For once Malchanau was convicted for stealing scrap metal from an abandoned factory.
After his arrest in December, 2010 the oppositionist lost his job and was excluded from the institute. According to his relatives, Aliaksandr stood no chance of being employed after his arrest and imprisonment: he was repeatedly turned down while looking for a job.
To make both ends meet and help ill parents Malchanau started collecting scrap metal. On April 10, 2012 he stood trial charged with stealing scrap amounting to $9 from the abandoned factory. The oppositionist was sentenced to 1.5 years of imprisonment in a medium-security penal colony. Aliaksandr Malchanau stressed that policemen had been writing off this industrial facility before his arrest. In his opinion,it is the way that the Belarusian security forces have revenged on him.